History (from Greek ἱστορία - historia, meaning "inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation") is an umbrella term that relates to past events as well as the discovery, collection, organization, and presentation of information about these events. The term includes cosmic, geologic, and organic history, but is often generically implied to mean human history. Scholars who write about history are called historians.
History can also refer to the academic discipline which uses a narrative to examine and analyse a sequence of past events, and objectively determine the patterns of cause and effect that determine them.
Historians sometimes debate the nature of history and its usefulness by discussing the study of the discipline as an end in itself and as a way of providing "perspective" on the problems of the present.
Stories common to a particular culture, but not supported by external sources (such as the tales surrounding King Arthur) are usually classified as cultural heritage or legends, because they do not support the "disinterested investigation" required of the discipline of history. Events occurring prior to written record are considered prehistory.
Herodotus, a 5th century B.C. Greek historian is considered to be the "father of history", and, along with his contemporary Thucydides, helped form the foundations for the modern study of human history. Their influence has helped spawn variant interpretations of the nature of history which have evolved over the centuries and continue to change today. The modern study of history is wide-ranging, and includes the study of specific regions and the study of certain topical or thematical elements of historical investigation. Often history is taught as part of primary and secondary education, and the academic study of history is a major discipline in University studies.
Read more about History: Etymology, Description, History and Prehistory, Historiography, Philosophy of History, Historical Methods, Areas of Study, Historians, The Judgement of History, Pseudohistory, Teaching History
Other articles related to "study":
... The most recent and thorough study about Moorish influence in the Iberian Peninsula by Capelli et al ... According to a widely publicized recent study (December 2008) published in the American Journal of Human Genetics, 19.8 percent of modern Iberians (Spain + Portugal) have DNA ... The study's speculation on Sephardic origin of the Levantine markers has been widely contested since it is likely that such markers also reflect other migrations from the Near East such as what medieval ...
... as yet no independent studies, although there is currently one study being conducted at the University of Sydney, Australia ... In a recent peer reviewed study, children whose families had participated in RDI and who had relatively high IQ at start of treatment showed dramatic changes in diagnosic category on the ...
... Arachnology is the scientific study of spiders and related animals such as scorpions, pseudoscorpions, harvestmen, collectively called arachnids ... However, the study of ticks and mites is sometimes not included in arachnology, but is called Acarology ... Those who study spiders and other arachnids are arachnologists ...
... In the study testing the efficacy of Cymbalta for FM, participants completed several questionnaires to measure the amount of pain and discomfort the disease caused them at the ... For men, who made up only 11% of the study, there was no effect from taking the medication compared with a placebo ... a month of taking the drug, then leveled off a bit before dropping again near the end of the study ...
... Penology (from the Latin poena, "punishment" and the suffix -logy, "study of") is a section of criminology that deals with the philosophy and practice of various societies in their ... The Oxford English Dictionary defines penology as "the study of the punishment of crime and prison management", and in this sense it equivalent with corrections ... The study of penology therefore deals with the treatment of prisoners and the subsequent rehabilitation of convicted criminals ...
Famous quotes containing the words study and/or history:
“I leaf through books, I do not study them. What I retain of them is something I no longer recognize as anyone elses.”
—Michel de Montaigne (15331592)
“History is more or less bunk. Its tradition. We dont want tradition. We want to live in the present and the only history that is worth a tinkers damn is the history we make today.”
—Henry Ford (18631947)